Rioja is a Qualified Designation of Origin (DOCa) of Spain, which distinguishes certain wines produced in areas of the autonomous communities of La Rioja and the Basque Country, mainly and, to a lesser extent, in Navarra and Castilla y León (less than 2.5 km²). Due to the orographic and climatic diversity, three production sub-zones can be distinguished -Rioja Alta, Rioja Oriental (Rioja Baja) and Rioja Alavesa- where wines with different characteristics are produced. The average annual production of Rioja wine is 269 million litres (in 2020) (85% red wine and 15% white and rosé wine). Rioja wines are fresh, aromatic, with a balanced composition and excellent bouquet.
DOCa Rioja wine is identified by its back labels and numbered seals. It is the appellation of origin most chosen by consumers both inside and outside the home, with 36% and 27%, respectively, of the consumption.